Gallbladder Surgery: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Gallbladder surgery, known medically as cholecystectomy, is a routine procedure often performed to address gallbladder disease, primarily caused by gallstones. The gallbladder, a small organ situated beneath the liver, plays a crucial role in digestion by storing and releasing bile. This fluid, produced by the liver, aids in the breakdown of fats. Gallbladder surgery becomes necessary when issues like gallstones disrupt this process.

Choosing the Best Gallbladder Surgeon in Delhi NCR is a crucial decision that can significantly affect the outcome and success of your surgery. The right surgeon not only has extensive knowledge and experience but also demonstrates a commitment to patient care and safety. 

Symptoms of Gallbladder Problems

  • Pain: Severe and sudden pain in the upper right or central abdomen, often radiating to the right shoulder or back.

  • Digestive Issues: Nausea, vomiting, and changes in bowel movements like clay-colored stools.

  • Jaundice: Yellowing of the skin and eyes, often accompanied by dark urine.

  • Fever and Chills: Indicative of infection or inflammation.

Causes and Risk Factors

  • Age and Gender: Common in individuals over 40, with women being more susceptible.

  • Ethnicity: Higher incidence in Native Americans, Hispanics, and people of Mexican descent.

  • Family History: Genetic predisposition plays a significant role.

  • Obesity: A major risk factor due to altered cholesterol metabolism.

  • Rapid Weight Loss: This can lead to imbalances, promoting gallstone formation.

  • Pregnancy: Hormonal changes can increase gallstone risk.

  • Certain Medications: Oral contraceptives and hormone therapies can elevate the risk.

Gallbladder Surgery: Treatment Options

1. Observation and Monitoring

  • For asymptomatic cases, regular monitoring might be recommended to track any changes or developments.

2. Medication

  • Certain types of gallstones can be dissolved with medication, an option for mild cases or when surgery isn’t viable.

3. Cholecystectomy (Laparoscopic Gallbladder Surgery)

  • The preferred and most common method involves small incisions and the use of a laparoscope for minimal invasion.

  • Benefits include less post-operative pain, shorter hospital stays, and quicker recovery.

4. Open Cholecystectomy

  • A more invasive approach requires a larger abdominal incision.

  • Generally reserved for cases where laparoscopic surgery isn’t suitable.

5. Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)

  • Used if gallstones migrate into the bile duct.

  • Involves the use of an endoscope to remove stones or clear obstructions in the bile duct.

Long-Term Outlook after Gallbladder Surgery

Most individuals lead a normal, active life post-surgery. The absence of the gallbladder typically does not significantly impact digestion or quality of life. However, a small risk of post-surgical complications like infection, bleeding, or bile leakage exists. Long-term dietary adjustments are usually minimal, with most patients tolerating a normal diet.


Gallbladder surgery is a standard response to gallbladder disease, offering relief from painful and potentially harmful conditions like gallstones. With modern surgical techniques, the procedure is generally safe, with a high success rate and minimal risk of long-term complications. Post-surgical life is typically unimpeded, with most patients returning to their regular lifestyle shortly after the operation.