Dr. Aloy J Mukherjee




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Dr. Aloy J Mukherjee




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What are the most common types of Laparoscopic Surgeries?

Laparoscopy, also known as minimally invasive surgery or keyhole surgery, is a revolution in the field of surgery over the past few decades. It involves the use of a laparoscope, which is a thin long tube with high-intensity light and a high-resolution camera at its front. A camera transmits images to a monitor enabling surgeons to view the area being operated on in real time without any need for large incisions. This approach not only minimizes tissue damage but also reduces post-operative pain, hastens recovery, and lowers chances of complications making it an option for various surgical procedures.

There is a high demand for laparoscopic surgeries, especially in metropolitan areas where medical facilities embrace advanced surgical techniques. Any patient seeking the Best Laparoscopic Surgeon in Delhi may have access to numerous types of laparoscopic procedures some of which are discussed below:

1. Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

Gallbladder removal surgery is a typical example of laparoscopy, one of the most common surgical procedures performed in the world today. It is normally done for gallstones that are causing pain or an infection (cholecystitis). Open surgery comes with a quicker recovery period than traditional open surgery and reduced post-operative pain.

2. Laparoscopic Appendectomy

This is the standard operation for acute appendicitis and it involves removing the appendix. Laparoscopic appendectomy usually lasts shorter hospital stays, less pain, and fewer scars compared to open appendectomy.

3. Laparoscopic Hernia Repair

A hernia occurs when an organ or fatty tissue squeezes through a weak spot in a surrounding muscle or connective tissue. The reasons why several surgeons have adopted minimally invasive methods like laparo-endoscopic inguinal hernioplasty for managing these conditions include its minimally invasive nature, reduced recovery time, and lower recurrence rates.

4. Laparoscopic Nissen Fundoplication

The purpose of this operation is to manage gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and hiatal hernias. This procedure consists of wrapping the upper part of the stomach around the lower end of the esophagus so that it tightens the esophageal sphincter thereby preventing acid reflux.

5. Laparoscopic Colectomy

Colectomy is defined as a surgery that involves the removal of all or part of the colon. It is done to treat conditions related to colons such as inflammatory bowel disease and colorectal cancer. Some benefits of laparoscopic colectomy include decreased pain and a faster rate of recovery.

6. Laparoscopic Hysterectomy

Laparoscopic hysterectomy is an operation that removes the womb and sometimes ovaries and fallopian tubes. With shorter hospital stays and quicker recovery, this procedure is less invasive than traditional abdominal hysterectomy.

7. Laparoscopic Myomectomy

Myomectomy is a surgical procedure aimed at removing fibroids from the uterus while preserving it. Fibroids are removed using laparoscopy without causing harm to surrounding uterine tissue.

8. Diagnostic Laparoscopy

This type of test is used when other non-invasive methods have proved inconclusive in confirming certain conditions within the abdomen and pelvis. It enables surgeons to visualize directly into the organs in the cavity of the abdomen for biopsy samples if necessary.

9. Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy

The operation removes one or both adrenal glands that are taken out as a treatment to various conditions including cancerous growth in the adrenal glands. It is better to have a laparoscopic adrenalectomy than the classical open approach due to it being minimally invasive.

10. Laparoscopic Bariatric Surgery

This is a range of operations done on obese people called bariatric surgery. The most common laparoscopic bariatric surgeries include gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, and adjustable gastric banding. By limiting food consumption, nutrient absorption, or both, these interventions significantly reduce body weight loss.


Laparoscopic surgery has become the standard of care for many abdominal and pelvic surgical procedures because of its various advantages over traditional open surgery. The number of laparoscopic surgeries is countless in different disciplines of medicine. In Delhi, several best minimally invasive surgeons with state-of-the-art technology and backed by top-class medical infrastructure are available to patients. Whether it’s a common procedure such as cholecystectomy or a more intricate one like colectomy, laparoscopy’s minimally invasive modality leads to better results, reduced recovery period, and increased patient health gratification.